What is eye inflammation?

Eye inflammation or infection occurs when certain harmful microorganisms enter the eye area. This includes various bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Infections most often affect the cornea and conjunctiva, but all parts of the eye can be affected. We generally notice that the eye is inflamed when redness, swelling, pain and fever appear.

What is eye inflammation?
Possible causes and types of eye inflammation

Possible causes and types of eye inflammation

In addition, eye inflammation can also be caused by an allergic reaction or dry eye, and it can sometimes also indicate certain autoimmune disorders. There are different types of eye inflammation or infection and, accordingly, different approaches to treatment.

The most common types of eye infections are:

  • conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva)
  • keratitis (inflammation of the cornea)
  • inflammation in dry eye
  • blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids)
  • uveitis.
Symptoms of eye inflammation

Symptoms of eye inflammation

If you suspect that you have an eye inflammation or infection, it is best to see a doctor to start treatment as soon as possible and prevent deterioration or permanent damage to your vision. Treatment of eye inflammation depends on its causes, but whichever type of inflammation is involved, the symptoms are usually similar. Symptoms of an eye infection include:

  • red eyes
  • sensitivity to light
  • swollen eyes
  • eye discharge
  • eye pain
  • watery eyes
  • blurred vision
  • dry eyes
  • itchy eyes
  • swelling around the eyes.
Eye inflammation in children

Eye inflammation in children

Most of the discomforts that occur in adults can also occur in children. The same applies to eye inflammation or infection. The most common eye infection that occurs in children is conjunctivitis.

This is usually viral conjunctivitis. It can appear alone, but it can also be accompanied by other discomforts, such as a cold. It can be recognized by a watery discharge.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is not so common in children, and it is characterized by sticky, purulent yellow or green discharge and severe eye redness. Just like in adults, allergic conjunctivitis in children is caused by an allergic reaction.

Treatment of eye inflammation

Treatment of eye inflammation

Most often, mild eye infections go away without treatment, but in the case of a more severe viral infection, it is necessary to visit a doctor and request appropriate therapy. Depending on the cause of the eye infection, the doctor may also prescribe antibiotics or antiviral drugs.

If symptoms of eye inflammation worsen or change, it is best to contact an ophthalmologist, who will then assess the state of the infection and give instructions on further treatment.

Treatment of eye inflammation is mainly aimed at defence against harmful microorganisms, but in certain situations, therapy is necessary. Certain corticosteroid preparations, dry eye drops or eye wash drops may be prescribed.

During treatment, regular examinations should be performed, and healing is best confirmed with a control swab of the conjunctiva or cornea.

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