What is conjunctivitis and what causes it

Conjunctivitis or inflammation of the conjunctiva (the clear membrane that protects your eye) occurs in different forms and varies from mild inflammation with tearing to severe inflammation that causes tissue damage.

What is conjunctivitis?
Causes of conjunctivitis

Causes of conjunctivitis

The causes of conjunctivitis are different, and symptoms can appear when the eye is exposed to external factors such as wind, dust or smoke or when working for a long time at the computer, etc. Allergies and infections can also be causes of conjunctivitis.

People who wear contact lenses are a particularly sensitive group. They should immediately remove the lenses and see a doctor if there is severe eye redness and inflammation.

Types of conjunctivitis

Types of conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious, and the most common causes are pollen, animal hair and cosmetics. It is often seasonal.

Infectious conjunctivitis is caused by viruses and is most often transmitted by contact. It is easily transmitted by unwashed hands or sharing towels with someone who has conjunctivitis. It is also possible to get infected by coughing or sneezing.

How to prevent conjunctivitis in children

How to prevent conjunctivitis in children

Contagious conjunctivitis in children is usually transmitted by dirty hands or sneezing. In rare cases, the cause may be a narrowing of tear ducts.

Children are often also affected by allergic conjunctivitis, which can be recognised by swollen eyelids and itching. The most common causes are an allergic reaction to dust, hair, pollen, etc. The best prevention is to wash your hands often to avoid dirty hands touching the eyes.

The most common symptoms and how to alleviate them

The most common symptoms and how to alleviate them

The most common symptoms:

  • itching
  • redness
  • burning
  • feeling of a foreign body in the eye
  • swollen eyelids.

Therapy is symptomatic and depends on the severity of the clinical features. Artificial tears can help with milder symptoms by reducing itching, redness and burning sensation.

Find out if Vizol S artificial tears can help alleviate your symptoms or if you need to see an ophthalmologist.

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